in the field of Mathematics have passed down the great ideas that are used to date. Mathematics in the glorious era of past Islamic civilization is a very important study. In fact, Islamic scientists at that time often combined mathematics with other fields of science, such as astronomy, algebraic systems, geometry, calculus, to trigonometry.
Reported from various sources, here are 1o Islamic scientists in the field of mathematics:
1. Al Khwarizmi
Al Khwarizmi has the full name Muhammad bin Musa Al Khwarizmi. He was born in Khiva south of the Amu Darya in AD 780. He is known as the Father of Modern Algebra. One of his works was to create an algebraic system.
The term algebra comes from Al Khwarizmi’s work entitled Hisab Al Jabir Wal Mukabalah or currently called integral and equation calculations. The term algorism which means a tithe system is a western word for Al Khwarizmi.
Thanks to this discovery, the symbols for the numbers 1-9 and zero, which was later called this algorithmic system, were able to solve the difficulties of symbols which at that time were still using Roman numerals
2. Abu Wafa Al Buzjani
Al Buzjani is an Islamic figure in the fields of mathematics and astronomy. He was born in the small town of Buzjan, Nishapur in 940 AD. Since childhood, his intelligence has been shown as well as his interest in the natural sciences. Al Buzjani succeeded in developing several important theories such as geometry and trigonometry.
In geometry, he made a significant contribution to solving geometric problems with the compass. He also proposed some important formulas in trigonometry. In addition, he was the first to demonstrate the existence of a relative theory of parabolic triangles.
He has produced many books and scientific works. His works in the form of scientific works include the Kitab Ilm al-Hisab (Book of Practical Arithmetic). Al Buzjani died in Baghdad in 997 AD.
3. Khusiyar Ibn Laban
Khusiyar Ibn Laban was born in the village of Gilan which is located in the south of the Caspian Sea in 971 AD. Khusiyar bin Laban is an Islamic figure in the field of mathematics. He is known as the master of calculus and the inspiration of the computing revolution.
His superior work is the Kitab Usul Hisab Al Hind which contains a description of the Indian model of calculation in which the numeration system is based on position. It was the system that inspired a revolution in computing methods or methods in the east.
4. Al Karaji
This Islamic figure in the field of mathematics, whose full name is Abu Bakr bin Muhammad bin Al Husain Al Karaji, was born in Karajatau Karkh in 953 AD. Al Karaji is a Persian mathematician who wrote the theory of root extraction, also known as mental calculus.
His work entitled Al Badi’fi al Hisab contains the theory of extracting the square root of a polynomial with an unknown number. While his book entitled Al Kafi’fi Al Aisab discusses the mental calculus process called Al Hawa’i.
5. Al Jauhary
Al Jauhary was a mathematician in the 9th century AD. He is known as a geometrician who worked at the Bayt al Hikmah (House of Wisdom), a scientific institution founded by Caliph Al Ma’mun of the Abbasid dynasty in Baghdad.
6. Abu Kamil Syuja
This Muslim scientist was known in the Middle Ages. He is known for having had a major influence on the development of algebra and geometry in Europe.
7. Al Khujandi
Al Khujandi was an astronomer and mathematician, especially geometry. He is known as an asturlab construction expert.
Al Khujandi is also a reliable discoverer of the sine termed the astronomical law. In the field of geometry the attention is directed to the resolution or use of equations to the power of three.
Almajriti was a scientist from Andalusia who was the most prominent in his time.
He introduced many studies of science, especially chemistry and mathematics.
Almajriti also wrote extensively on commercial arithmetic by applying computation, geometry and algebra to problems of sales, trade calculations, taxation, and solving mathematical problems.
9. Abu Nasr Mansur
Abu Nasr Mansur is a mathematician from Persia who is believed to be one of the founders of the law of sines.
He was a student of Adri Abu Wafa’ and the teacher of the great scientist, Al Biruni. Albiruni cites Abu Nash Mansur as the discoverer of several mathematical proofs.
10. Al Khazin
Al Khazin is a mathematician and astronomer from Khurasan who lived in the 4th century H/10 AD. He wrote extensively on mathematics and astronomy. Al Khazin is a person who offers a different concept with Ptolemy about the circulation of the sun and the earth.
He criticized Ptolemy for failing to observe several changes in the diameter of the sun that appeared throughout the year (on the course of the years).
Well, that’s 10 famous Muslim scholars in the field of mathematics. Hope it inspires.
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